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THE DIFFERENCES STORY OF ISA (JESUS) IN THE QUR’AN AND THE BIBLE

(Pengajar di Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
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Abstract

As great religions both Christianity and Islam have a holy book that is acquired as a divine book that comes from God’s revelation. Christianity has the Bible and Islam has the Qur’an in which both of them tell the story of Jesus. Both of them were believed as God’s revelation, but they have different versions of the story. This case sometimes causes some controversy between Christians and Moslems. In this paper I will express similarities and differences in the story of Jesus in the Bible and the Qur’an. Although this paper is not a complete writing about Jesus, however, I will tell a brief different assertion in the Qur’an and Bible in three points of classification; Jesus birth, the confession of his position and duty, and his death.

This paper is one case of comparative religion studies which tries to use comparative text between two holy books, the Qur’an and the Bible, in the story of Jesus. The results of research found that there are three fundamental points of differences between them: one, in his birth, the Qur’an told that Jesus was born by Mary without father, but in the Bible said that Mary was engaged to Joseph as his bride. Two, in the confession of Jesus and his duty, the Qur’an told that Jesus was only human being who created by God as His messenger. The Bible told that Jesus was son of God and he was both divine and human. Three, in his crucifixion and death, The Qur’an told that Jesus was secured by God, the Bible told that Jesus was dead in the Cross of crucifixion. These differences are called as “non-negotiable things” in religion. It must not be debatable and acclaimed each others, but it must be understood sincerely in order to get better understanding between the two sides in the way of dialogue.

Key words
Birth, Crucifixion, Death, Duty, Jesus, The Qur’an, and The Bible.

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